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The New England Patriots started as the Boston Patriots when they were awarded the eighth and final franchise of the developing American Football League (AFL) on November 16, 1959. The team nickname refers to those colonists of the Thirteen Colonies who rebelled against British control during the American Revolution. After the AFL/NFL merger in 1970, the franchise also changed their name to the New England Patriots to encompass the whole Northeastern region fanbase. The classic Logo Pat was created by Worcester Telegram Evening Gazette cartoonist Phil Bissell in 1960, which features the team mascot Pat the Patriot.
With the Flying Elvis logo change in 1993, Patriots helmet also went under significant changes with a silver background instead of traditional white.
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Boston/New England Patriots Franchise Encyclopedia